Report: GCYFRG Grant Writing Workshop January 2019
Making space for supporting grant-writing addressing geographies of children, youth and families
Almost a year-to-the-day on from our successful teaching workshop, the GCYFRG held a grant writing workshop at Lancaster University. The workshop was attended by academics interested in geographies of children, youth and families, from across the UK with delegates travelling from as far as Portsmouth and Edinburgh.
The workshop focused on sharing experiences of applying, providing both ideas about potential sources of funding and ways of pitching ideas to be most attractive to funders. Sophie Hadfield-Hill (University of Birmingham) delivered an interesting and inspiring talk about producing effective grant applications whilst Tara Woodyer (University of Portsmouth) followed with an engaging activity encouraging delegates to write winning opening sentences. The day also provided lots of opportunities for delegates to share their own ideas and experiences, including mini-presentations. The day was rounded off with a motivating session on failure (not as oxymoronic as it sounds), delivered by Rebecca Whittle (Lancaster University).
The day included opportunity for reflection and a significant feedback – or perhaps feed-forward – was the desire from attendees to have more peer support and mentoring in the development of grant applications, and perhaps more opportunities for networking for co-applications. The academics present often felt like they were working in isolation in their departments, or felt they lacked the confidence to approach others to ask for co-operation, critique or discussion of their work prior to submitting applications. This sort of support might not only improve the quality of applications, but also increase the confidence of Early Career Researchers in applying for bigger and better grants. The GCYFRG will look at ways of supporting this sort of networking going forward.
With thanks to Sophie Hadfield-Hill, Tara Woodyer and Rebecca Whittle for their ‘keynote’ talks and activities. With thanks to all the delegates for their contributions, and particularly Caroline Day (University of Portsmouth) for her presentation on her experience of grant applications. The cost of the workshop was subsidised by the GCYFRG and by Lancaster University who provided free space and facilities.
Upcoming Writing Retreat in July 2019
The GCYFRG has organised a writing retreat for the summer of 2019. This retreat is open to all members of the research group at all career stages and aims to provide a friendly environment for academic writing on the geographies of children, youth and families.
The retreat will be limited to 16 attendees and places are on a first come, first served basis. We hope to cover the costs of four PhD students (further details below). Whether you are working on chapter drafts of your PhD, your first or thirty-first paper, or a grant, big or small, we welcome participants from all career stages for a week of dedicated writing and thinking space in a supportive community.
- Date: Monday 8th– Friday 12thJuly 2019 (arrival and departure times to be confirmed, likely to be after 3pm on Monday and before 10am on Friday)
- Venue: Flagstone Farm Holiday Cottages (http://www.cotswoldfarmhouse.com/)
- Location: A central location in the UK, close to Stow on the Wold (postcode: GL54 1ER)
- Accommodation: All participants will have their own bedroom.
- Writing spaces: There is ample space to write with full use of an adjoining conference facility.
- Other activities: The venue has a tennis court, games room and easy access to walks in the Cotswolds.
- Travel: Road and rail access (nearest station is Moreton-in-Marsh, pick-ups or taxis from the station can be arranged). Participants will have to cover their own travel expenses.
- Food: All meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) are covered in the cost. Group cooking teams will be allocated closer to the event – each team will be responsible for cooking one evening meal for the group. Please send any dietary requirements in your confirmation of interest email. We may go for a pub dinner on the final evening, which will be an extra cost to participants.
- Structure of the retreat: It is expected that all participants will solely focus on writing for the retreat, although leisure time will also be strongly encouraged to balance out the writing! It will be a relaxed and supportive environment conducive to writing.
- As part of the retreat we are delighted that Professor Peter Kraftl (University of Birmingham) and Dr. Sarah Hall (University of Manchester) will be joining us to run a workshop on writing and publishing in the field of children, youth and families. This workshop will be on Tuesday afternoon and will be optional to participants.
- Total cost per participant is £160(including accommodation, food and writing workshop)
- To secure your place, please send an email to email@example.com 3rd November, 2018. Once your place is confirmed, you will be asked to make a £50 deposit to GCYFRG within 14 days of receiving confirmation to secure your place.
- The final payment is needed by: 1stApril, 2019.
We are hoping that 4 bursaries will be available for PhD students, although this will not be confirmed until November. If you would like to be considered for one of these potential bursaries, please send the following information in your confirmation of interest email:
- a) Your full name and institutional affiliation
- b) Year of PhD programme and whether PhD is funded
- c) 250 word abstract of your PhD research
If you would like to be considered for one of the four potential bursaries, you will need to email this information to firstname.lastname@example.org 3rd November, 2018. Allocation of bursaries will be decided by the GCYFRG committee.
The writing retreat is open to all members of GCYFRG. If you are on our mailing list, but not yet a member of the research group, please see our website for more information about membership and details of how to join: https://gcyfrg.wordpress.com/membership/
If you have any questions, please email the retreat organisers Dr. Sophie Hadfield-Hill (email@example.com) and Dr. Catherine Walker (Catherine.firstname.lastname@example.org).
First PGR GCYFRG Newsletter
The newsletter features an interview with our chair Dr Sarah Mills, workshop and recent events reports and some hints and tips for those of us who struggle sometimes with writing. You can download the newsletter here: Newsletter Issue 1/2018
Event Report: Young People and the ‘New Urban Agenda’ Conference (14th – 15th September, 2016), University of Birmingham
On 14th and 15th September 2016 the ‘Young People and the New Urban Agenda’ conference was held at the Birmingham Botanical Gardens. Organised by the University of Birmingham and supported by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Geographies of Children, Youth and Families Research Group (GCYFRG), the event was attended by delegates from Brazil, India, Kenya and across Europe.
The aim of the event was to bring together academics, NGOs, government representatives and UN agencies to address the key themes of the UN-Habitat III New Urban Agenda, to provide a forum for debate, critical reflection and interdisciplinary discussions.
With more than 18 per cent of the world’s population aged between 15 and 24, it is a crucial time to be discussing the challenges and opportunities which face young people in diverse urban contexts. Taking Habitat III’s key themes of mobility, planning and design, water, and energy the conference delegates drew on recent research in diverse contexts to set the research agenda for young lives.
Professor Anoop Nayak opened the conference with a thought-provoking presentation on everyday encounters of racism by Bangladeshi youth in the UK, highlighting how young women in particular navigate urban space and encounter everyday racism. On day One of the event, parallel sessions focused on mobility, planning and design and water and energy. Presentations addressed young people’s everyday pedestrian practices (Dr. John Horton); mobility and inclusion (Dr. Miriam Ricci; Zoi Karampini; Sonja Marzi); travel and transport (Sarah Brooks-Wilson; Catherine Walker); mobility in the context of urban transformation (Dr. Sophie Hadfield-Hill and Dr. Cristiana Zara); mobilities and everyday technologies (Professor Pia Christensen and Dr.Susana Cortés-Morales) and mobile phone connectivity (Professor Gina Porter). In the realm of planning and design, presentations focused on inclusive town planning (Bonnie Kwok); the infrastructure of play (Grant Menzies); child friendly transitions (Ainara Sagarna Armburu) participation in planning (Jenny Wood; Selba Arin; Angeliki Bitou); cultural heritage (Dr. Andreza de Souza Santos); young bodies in public space (Mina Rezaei); the use of technologies to incentivize walking (Rebecca Craig); and children’s outdoor environments in Chinese cities (Dr. Helen Woolley).
Young people’s experiences of water and energy was a further theme of the conference. Professor Peter Kraftl considered the food-water-energy nexus in the Brazilian context; Dr. Cristiana Zara and Dr. Sophie Hadfield-Hill presented on (Re)thinking urban flows, drawing on young people’s experiences of urban change and Katherine Mycock on the role of forest schools in educating young people about water and energy use. On the second day this theme continued with a focus on student’s understanding of the watershed in Brazil (Dr. Arminda Eugenia Marques Campos) and unpacking the barriers to sustainable water consumption (Dr. Georgina Wood). Picking up on the themes of play and safe cities, Dr. Helen Woolley presented on her work in disaster contexts and Dr. Sudeshna Chatterjee and Tannishtha Datta spoke about their work in India with ACE and UNICEF.
Youth in urban areas often lack access to housing and live in cities where they face difficult economic, political and social challenges. The Keynote presentation on Day Two, by Douglas Ragan, the Chief of the Youth and Livelihood Unit of UN-Habitat, addressed a range of UN led projects with youth. Douglas offered an insightful reflection on youth-led development and offered points of conversion between UN agencies and academic research. During the event there were two discussion sessions bringing together the themes of urban challenges, social inequality and the role of the New Urban Agenda in shaping young people’s lives. These discussion sessions were attended by an artist who is currently working on a visual representation of the issues raised.
The event concluded with a session on research methodologies, offering some interesting insights into ongoing research using participatory methods and the use of technologies to explore mobilities, feelings and experiences of urban space.
To conclude, the conference provided an intellectually stimulating environment for scholars and practitioners, coming together to discuss young lives in the context of a New Urban Agenda. Many thanks to all who participated, the funders, and the organisers, we are excited about the research and opportunities which may emerge from this dialogue.
Methodology workshop participants – two sessions exploring participatory methods and the use of technologies in research with young people.
Please join us for our GCYFRG twitter hours:
Next up on our GCYFRG twitter hour is Dr. Matt Finn on Thursday 28th July 2-3pm where he’ll be discussing his paper:
“Atmospheres of progress in a data-based school.” Cultural Geographies January 2016 vol. 23 no. 1 29-49
Put the date in your diaries and join the conversation using #gcyfrgchat
Missed the last twitter hour with Prof. Peter Kraftl? See the attachment for a summarized version of our conversations.
Next up on our GCYFRG twitter hour is Prof. Peter Kraftl on Monday 18th July 2-3pm where he’ll be discussing his paper:
Alter-Childhoods: Biopolitics and Childhoods in Alternative Education Spaces Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 105:1, 2015.
Put the date in your diaries and join the conversation using #gcyfrgchat
Missed the last twitter hour with Sophie Hadfield-Hill and John Horton? See the attachment for a summarized version of our conversations which included topics such as quantitative methods, affect, emotions, writing styles and living in the field.
Keep these dates in your diaries:
Thursday 30th June 3-4pm:
Dr Sophie Hadfield-Hill (University of Birmingham) and Prof. John Horton (University of Northampton) discussing their co-authored paper:
Hadfield-Hill, Sophie, and John Horton. “Children’s experiences of participating in research: emotional moments together?.” Children’s Geographies 12.2 (2014): 135-153.
Monday 18th July 2-3pm:
Prof. Peter Kraftl (University of Birmingham) discussing:
Kraftl, P. (2015) Alter-childhoods: Biopolitics and childhoods in alternative education spaces. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 105: 219-237.
Thursday 28th July 2-3pm (Time TBC):
Dr. Matt Finn (University of Exeter) discussing:
Finn, Matt. “Atmospheres of progress in a data-based school.” Cultural Geographies January 2016 vol. 23 no. 1 29-49
We’d love to have you join us, any questions about how these work, just ask, or look back at previous conversations using #GCYFRGchat
Do circulate amongst your colleagues/students,
Two journal special issues published from the 2013 ‘Play in Times of Austerity’ workshop
John H. McKendrick (Glasgow Caledonian University) has led the guest editing of two special issues arising from the 2013 GYCFRG ‘Play in Times of Austerity’ Workshop held at the University of Leicester.
The first collection was published in Journal of Playwork Practice (1 , 2014) guest edited by John H McKendrick, John Horton, Peter Kraftl and Perry Else entitled “Practice: Playwork in Times of Austerity”.
The second was recently published in International Journal of Play (4 , December 2015) and co-edited by John H McKendrick, Peter Kraftl, Sarah Mills, Stefanie Gregorius and Grace Sykes.
This collection contains original articles and essays from academic researchers and playwork practitioners on themes surrounding play in austere times.
GCYFRG Logo Competition – Winner! (19/11/15)
We are delighted to announce the winning entry in our recent logo competition and present our new GCYFRG logo:
The logo was a joint entry by Dr Anika Duveneck (Free University of Berlin) and Mathis Eckelmann. They receive a prize of £30 and a year’s subscription to children’s geographies.
The logo will be used on our new social media presence as well as GCYFRG printed materials. Congratulations again to Anika and Mathis!
RGS-IBG Annual Conference 2015: Reports from GCYFRG Sponsored Sessions 2015, Exeter, 1-4 September 2015
Being and becoming citizens: spaces of political engagement
Session organisers: Jonathan Duckett & Dr Sarah Mills (Loughborough University)
Two sessions entitled “Being and becoming citizens: spaces of political engagement” were jointly sponsored by GCYFRG and PolGRG at the RGS-IBG Annual Conference 2015, held at the University of Exeter. Our aim with these sessions was to engage with a wide range of understandings of P/political participation and identities, as well as open up new avenues for discussion around the politics of age and the boundaries of youth citizenship.
Both sessions engaged with diverse themes on the political geographies of children and young people, exploring ideas about youth citizenship in tandem with those of youth transitions. A number of exciting research projects were showcased at different stages of development, all of which considered diverse spaces of political engagement and reflections on age. These included an empirical focus on children, young people and/or families in Scotland (Jonathan Duckett; Gurchathen Sanghera et al.), Wales (Rhys Jones et al.), the UK (Naomi Maynard; Sarah Mills & Catherine Waite; Richard Yarwood & Naomi Tyrrell), Singapore (Tracey Skelton) and Zambia (Caroline Day), as well as a comparative study of young people in three cities: Athens, London and Hyderabad (Sevasti-Melissa Nolas et al.). Overall, the sessions were well attended and authors received generous and critically-engaged feedback from the audience. We would like to extend our thanks to all those who presented their research in this forum.
Jonathan Duckett & Sarah Mills, Loughborough University
Building and living with natures: more-than-human geographies of children, young people and families in urban environments. Children and Nature in the Anthropocene (1)
Session organisers: Dr Sophie Hadfield-Hill (University of Birmingham); Dr Cristiana Zara (University of Birmingham); Dr John Horton (University of Northampton); Professor Peter Kraftl (University of Birmingham).
The Geographies of Children, Youth and Families Research Group sponsored a series of four sessions on Children and Nature in the Anthropocene at the RGS-IBG Annual Conference held in Exeter in September 2015. Here we report on the first of these sessions, which brought together four papers exploring the social, cultural and more-than-human geographies of new and rapidly changing/developing cityscapes, with a focus on children, young people and families. The papers discussed a range of fascinating case studies across minority and majority worlds investigating diverse ideas, uses and experiences of nature in the built environment from the perspective of children and young people. Nadia von Benzon (Lancaster University, UK) opened with a paper exploring disabled young people’s perceptions of urban green space in Greater Manchester, drawing on research conducted in a Special Educational Needs Secondary School. Moving on to India, Cristiana Zara and Sophie Hadfield-Hill (University of Birmingham, UK) reflected on the emotions, narratives, encounters and more-than-human engagements of young people and families living in a new urban environment, highlighting the role of nature as an anchor to place in children’s everyday experiences. Sruthi Atmakur Javdekar (City University of New York, USA) then brought into focus children’s play in India, critically examining the types of natures that children access, engage and play in, particularly in dense high-rise residential buildings. From a practitioner and policy perspective, Haney King (Natural England, UK) provided an interesting analysis of the correlation between nature provision in the city and health inequality, showing the importance of improved urban green infrastructure in supporting healthy living. Despite the session being abruptly ended by a fire alarm, we were able to begin the day’s focus on Children and Nature in the Anthropocene with lively discussion on the multiple conceptualisations of nature which are conceived, emerging and experienced in built environments across minority and majority worlds.
A new edited publication on children’s emotions in policy and practice published
This publication was developed from a triple-session at the Fourth International and Interdisciplinary Conference on Emotional Geographies at the University of Groningen in July 2013, which was co-sponsored by the Geographies of Children, Youth and Families Research Group.
The volume examines the many ways in which children’s and young people’s emotions matter within diverse policy contexts and forms of intervention. Its contributors explore diverse forms of emotion and emotion work including emotions experienced during the course of professional interventions; emotions underpinning and evident (or overlooked and absent) in policy-making for children; management of young people’s emotions as part of professional practice; and the use of emotion to justify particular moral or political imperatives. Combining theoretical and empirical rigour with a clear focus on policy and practice, this collection presents new findings and original understandings of children’s and young people’s emotions, as well as developing existing theorisations of emotions in policy and professional contexts. Children’s Emotions in Policy and Practice is an engaging resource for students and academics, as well as professionals who work with or on behalf of children.
Further details about the book can be found at: http://www.palgrave.com/page/detail/childrens-emotions-in-policy-and-practice-matej-blazek/?isb=9781137415592.
Symposium on Family Troubles: Care and Change in Diverse Contexts
University of Reading, 16 September 2015
This inter-disciplinary symposium, co-funded by the University of Reading, the Open University and the Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) Geographies of Children, Youth and Families Research Group, aimed to explore family relations, care and ‘troubles’ in diverse contexts. The symposium reflected on the powerful, often emotive discourses associated with ‘family’ in different cultural and policy settings and set out to explore the (potentially troubling or troubled) changes, caring practices, and intergenerational relations that shape family lives over time and space across the global North and South. 21 papers and plenaries were presented and 45 people participated in the Symposium.
Dr. Jane Ribbens McCarthy gave the opening plenary discussing key conceptual approaches and challenging and provoking our thinking on what we mean by ‘family troubles’ and how these issues may be addressed across diverse cultures. Paper and poster presentations from UK and international academics, researchers and practitioners addressed the following themes:
- Meanings of ‘family’ and (troubling) changes in family lives
- Care and interdependencies in diverse household forms
- Support for ‘troubled’ families
- Responses to death and ‘bereavement’
- Life-limiting illness, dying bodies and family caring practices
- Policy framings of ‘troubling’ families.
These contentious, emotive and sensitive issues pose questions and dilemmas for policy makers, practitioners and service users, as well as researchers and academics interested in issues of family change, care and support.
In the afternoon plenary, Dr. Ruth Evans, Dr. Jane Ribbens McCarthy and Dr. Sophie Bowlby presented key findings from their cross-cultural research on Caringscapes, Responses to Death and Family Relations in Urban Senegal. Rebecca Smith, Save the Children, Dr. Avril Maddrell, University of the West of England, Isobel Bremmer, Candle Project, St Christopher’s Hospice and Prof. Rosalind Edwards, University of Southampton gave insightful comments about the ethic of care adopted, the linkages between formal and informal systems of support in resource-constrained settings, the role of education and how we understand emotions and narratives of family life in cross-cultural perspective. This led to an interesting discussion in response to the issues raised by the discussants and audience members.
The keynote lecture by Prof. Samantha Punch, University of Stirling, on Reflections on negotiated and constrained interdependencies within and across generations raised critical questions about conceptual approaches to children’s agency and highlighted the importance of an inter- and intra-generational perspective and led to a stimulating discussion and conversations, which continued in the drinks reception which ended the day.
We plan to develop a special issue of a journal from papers presented at the Symposium. For updates, please follow our blog: http://blogs.reading.ac.uk/deathinthefamilyinsenegal/family-troubles-symposium-care-and-change-in-diverse-contexts/.The Symposium built on earlier work on the theme of Family Troubles? sponsored by the Centre for Citizenship, Identities and Governance at the Open University (see also this podcast about the book, ‘Family Troubles: Exploring Changes and Challenges in the Family Lives of Children and Young People’ edited by Jane Ribbens McCarthy, Carol-Ann Hooper and Val Gillies, 2013, Policy Press).
This Symposium was co-sponsored by the Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) Geographies of Children, Youth and Families Research Group, the British Sociological Association (BSA) Families and Relationships Study Group, the BSA Death, Dying and Bereavement Study Group and the Association for the Study of Death and Society (ASDS).
For more information, see: http://blogs.reading.ac.uk/deathinthefamilyinsenegal/family-troubles-symposium-care-and-change-in-diverse-contexts/
Contact: Ruth Evans: email@example.com.
Report: 4th International Conference on the Geographies of Children, Youth and Families: Young People, Borders & Well-Being, San Diego, California, 12-15th January 2015
Sonja Marzi and Eeva Rinne
The 4th International Conference on the Geographies of Children, Youth and Families was held successfully on 12-15th January 2015 in San Diego, California. Around 180 attendees, representing 33 countries, presented issues concerning studies of children, youth and families in the 36 sessions. Being a highly interdisciplinary conference, academics and practitioners who participated were from disciplines such as geography, public health, education, sociology, anthropology, history, development studies, child development and literature, among others.
Thus sessions under the overarching theme of young people, borders and well-being focused on immigration, border crossings, education policy, identity, young people’s futures, children´s rights and well-being. They provoked interesting discussions on and insights into current research all around the world. For example, presentations explored issues about unaccompanied migrant children under the age of 12 when migrating from Central America to the US and emerging problems in relation to refugee children from different international perspectives. Other presentation examples are topics such as transition to adulthood, wellbeing, future aspirations of young people in different contexts, youth organizations, political participation, youth mobility, places and spaces of children and young people. Others discussed educational approaches as well as how to use innovative participatory methods, like radio and photography, when working with young people and children in research aimed at providing them with their own voice.
The border between San Diego and Tijuana (Source: Wikicommons)
As keynote speakers, Professor Tracey Skelton from the National University of Singapore and Professor Katharyne Mitchell from the University of Washington provided excellent presentations. Professor Skelton emphasized in her presentation the development of children and young people´s geographies within the disciplinary framework of geography, reflecting on her own work in this field. A focus on the study of children and young people is important and adds important insights into the discipline of geography. In her talk, Tracey Skelton included a particular emphasis on themes around politics, mobility and research ethics in relation to the study of young people. Starting with a reflection on the discipline of Geography itself, Tracey Skelton explored the transformation the discipline has had in the past and how new themes have been included such as feminist approaches and how these challenge the adultism of the discipline. One of these approaches is about young people and political spaces and argues that they have been excluded from political participation as they have not yet been acknowledged as full citizens. However this neglect has been challenged since 2010 and young people and children are now included more into political geographical research. Similarly young people have been excluded in terms of mobility research and urban studies. However, recently, new collections of journals are challenging this neglect and young people are becoming more present in relation to mobility studies and urban studies.
In the second keynote speech, Professor Katharyne Mitchell discussed her counter-mapping research project with middle school children and the students´ growing understanding of the processes of spatial inclusion and exclusion for historical groups of Seattle. Using maps as a participatory instrument to teach children and young people concepts about social justice and the importance of civic engagement through collaborative counter mapping, the project elicited awareness about the power of space and the struggle space creates in term of inclusion and exclusion in the city of Seattle. However the project also seeks to explore the possibilities of challenging and contesting the processes that were identified as unjust during the mapping analysis. Katharyne Mitchell also explained that this project produced transformative knowledge for everyone, for students and for teachers and parents, where young people could question and challenge normative practices. Therefore young people got to choose which historical group they wanted to examine and map historical events and places related to this group. For example, young people chose African American groups and historical events related to these groups in the city of Seattle. This process created an awareness of the struggles over space and in space within the young people’s neighbourhood. Additionally the project asked the young people what has been done to address these problems as well as what actions could the young people take themselves to solve them? Consequently this is a project that enables young people to understand how cultural history is layered and pictured in the urban landscape and create an understanding about discrimination and spatial struggles. Mapping then can be an instrument to connect history and space and connect events and processes to a spatial dimension. In this way young people could become political actors in their own right, creating awareness of these struggles and thinking about how to challenge them.
For us as PhD students – whose research is also linked to the themes of the geographies of young people – this conference was a great experience and an opportunity to share our research with others in the same field. However, it was also inspiring and provided us with new perspectives. We particularly enjoyed sessions on multiculturalism and racial issues, as well as on young people’s aspirations and issues of migration – including its dangers for young people. We also could enhance our networks during the conference and make new international and interdisciplinary contacts and meet people whose work we follow with much interest. As a result we went back home after an inspiring conference with much energy to continue our work and looking forward to even more interesting topics and challenges that might wait for us once we are finished with our PhDs.
We would like to thank the organizing committee, especially Prof. Stuart C. Aitken and Dr. Thomas Herman for a fantastic conference and the keynote speakers Prof. Tracey Skelton and Prof. Katharyne Mitchell, for their inspiring speeches. Also we want to thank the Chairs, presenters, and all the sponsors and exhibitors for making this great conference possible. A very special thanks from our side to the Geographies of Children, Youth and Families Research Group of the RGS-IBG for the financial support which made it possible for us to successfully participate in this conference.
Sonja Marzi is a PhD researcher at the University of East Anglia in the School of International Development. Her research focuses on young Colombians in Cartagena de Indias between the age of 15 – 22. She is interested in how young Colombians living in poorer areas of the city develop their aspirations, as well as how they create strategies to achieve them, while being influenced by the spaces of their everyday lives. Her work combines qualitative conventional with participatory visual methods.
Eeva Rinne is a PhD student at the University of Tampere in the School of Management and Space and Political Agency Research Group SPARG. Her research project examines multicultural world view and national identity as communicated by Finnish school books and experienced by pupils.
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